When the lower jaw (mandible) and upper jaw (maxilla) come together, the way the teeth are joined together is called tooth occlusion. In any form of functional interaction, it refers to how the teeth come into contact. The general barrier is needed because it enables oral functions to perform typically, gives the best aesthetics, and helps prevent disease. According to Pediatric Dentist Indianapolis IN, Malocclusion is when there is no chronic obstruction in the mouth.
What Is Bad Occlusion?
If your teeth do not match properly, you may have problems with your gums, temporomandibular joint, and the muscles that move your jaw. The hidden issues are what are called bad occlusion or malocclusion.
Types Of Tooth Occlusion
Pediatric Dentist Indianapolis IN classified the bite into classes I, II, and III. This classification is related to the location of the first molar and how the upper and lower ones fit together. It is vital because the cutting classification also shows if there is a difference in the skeleton and helps to determine why the cut does not work correctly.
The First Class
A general relationship between teeth, jaw, and jaw are classified as Class I. This is an appropriate barrier, resulting in a balanced profile in the anteroposterior plane.
The Second Class
When the lower part of the teeth is posterior to the upper part (further back in the mouth), it is called Class II occlusion. In this disorder, the upper front and maxillary teeth extend beyond the lower teeth and jaw.
Convex profile with retracted chin and lower lip characterizes a Class II patient.
Inadequate development of the lower jaw, growth of the upper jaw, or both can lead to the II class complications. Class II disorders can be genetically inherited and induced by environmental factors such as finger sucking.
When the disorder develops in adults, it requires orthodontic therapy and orthognathic surgery.
The Third Class
When the lower teeth are far ahead and do not match their respective upper teeth, this is called Class III presence. In this incorrect connection, the lower teeth and jaw extend beyond the upper and maxillary teeth.
The patient’s profile with this malocclusion appears concave with a clear chin.
Unnecessary development of the lower jaw reduces the activity of the upper jaw and can cause Class III problems. If this malocclusion is skeletal, then the required therapy is orthogonal surgery with orthodontics.
Occlusal Problems Or Malocclusion
When your teeth are attached incorrectly, the occlusal disease develops, damaging your teeth, jaw muscles, and joints. Malocclusion, commonly called occlusal disease, is a major oral health problem. It is a widespread disease, and it is essential to discover it early to treat it effectively.
Occlusal disease is a broad term that includes a variety of medical conditions that affect a person’s bite. This can be due to various factors, but uneven bite and bruxism are the most common.
Causes For Malocclusion
According to Pediatric Dentist Indianapolis IN, Malocclusion is almost always a genetic problem. It indicates that it can be passed down from generation to generation.
The shape and texture of your jaw may change with certain conditions or habits. Here are some of them:
- Cracked lips and palate (sore lips and palate)
- Rubbing: When you use your teeth for anything other than eating, your enamel is lost. For example, using your teeth to remove bottle caps, hold pins, or cut your nails.
- Frequent use of pacifiers over the age of three
- Prolonged bottle feeding in early childhood
- Prevent your teeth from abrasive brushing. Try brushing them lightly.
- Thumb sucking in early childhood
- Injuries that cause your jaw to attach incorrectly.
- A jaw or mouth cancer
- Affected and abnormally shaped teeth
- Airway obstruction (breathing through the mouth) can be caused by allergies, swollen adenoids, or tonsils.
Symptoms For Malocclusion
Symptoms of malocclusion can range from mild to severe, depending on how the disease is classified.
- Pain in the face
When you have an eye disease, the shape of your teeth is different from what it should be for proper chewing technique. As a result, you may be chewing abnormally or irregularly, even without realizing it. Your facial muscles will become tense, resulting in pain in the facial muscles. Joint pain in your jaw is also a possibility.
Many people do not tell their dentist about this condition. However, it is involved in practically every type of dental disease, and headaches should be mentioned at every appointment. Tired muscles or cramps, which can be linked to hidden problems, are common causes of headaches.
- Tired facial muscles
The neurological disease causes tooth regeneration, making it difficult to chew food properly. It means that you will be chewing for a long time, exhausting your jaw muscles.
- Sensitivity of teeth
Frequent wear and tear can cause your teeth to lose their enamel, exposing the inner pulp to the environment. As a result, your teeth will become significantly more sensitive to temperature and elements.
- Noises and vibrations (Fremitus)
Occlusal trauma, or when two occlusive teeth collide, is the most common cause of fremitus. This vibration can be felt by your dentist touching the side of your mouth.
Other common disorder symptoms include:
- Your teeth are out of alignment.
- Changes in the appearance of your face
- Keep chewing your inner cheeks or tongue regularly
- Pain and soreness during eating or biting
- Speech changes, such as the emergence of lisp
- Breathe through your mouth instead of through your nose.
The majority of people with minor disorders do not need treatment. If your condition is severe, your dentist may refer you to an orthodontist.
Your orthodontist may offer different treatments depending on your disorder type. These may include:
- Braces to correct the position of your teeth
- Retainers or dental instruments for correcting teeth
- Pulling teeth to disperse the crowd
- Tooth contouring, bonding, or capping
- Surgery to reshape or shrink the jaw
Treatment of the condition can lead to complications. Here are some of them:
- Tooth decay
- Discomfort or pain
- Oral discomfort caused by orthodontic instruments such as braces
- Difficulty eating or speaking during therapy
Because most cases of the disorder are genetic, it can be challenging to prevent. However, some precautions can be taken to avoid hidden problems.
- Parental education is essential.
- Maintain excellent dental hygiene
- Restoration of deciduous teeth
- If you have extra teeth, you should seek treatment as soon as possible
- Prevention of oral habits