Periodontal Diseases In Children

Periodontal disease is a serious bacterial infection that affects the gums and the teeth’s supporting structures. It’s also known as gum disease. Plaque buildup on the teeth is the primary cause. Adults and children are equally susceptible to periodontal disease. According to Kids Dentist Indianapolis IN, periodontal disease affects almost half of all children in the United States, with gingivitis being the mildest form. More severe types of periodontal disease are infrequent in youngsters.

The periodontium word is picked up from the Greek word ‘’peri’’ meaning “around” and ‘’odons’’ meaning “tooth”. So it can be defined as “anything that surrounds the teeth,” according to children’s dentist Indianapolis IN. The periodontium is the soft tissue that surrounds and supports the teeth.

The Stages of Periodontal Disease;

There are four stages of periodontal diseases,


The first stage of periodontal disease can be treated easily because it did not affect the bones. This disorder is caused by plaque accumulation around the teeth. At the present, there are just a few indicators, and the most of them are painless. Periodontal disease is so common and harmful because of this. The fourth and final stage of periodontal disease is when the disease manifests itself. Shortness of breath, gum swelling and redness, and bleeding during brushing or flushing are all early warning symptoms that should be treated. Gingivitis may be managed with excellent oral hygiene and regular dental visits.

Moderate Periodontal Disease

Moderate periodontal disease is the second stage that cannot be cured, but it can be prevented. The infection travels to the bone and destroys it when the patient reaches the second stage. As the bacteria develops and becomes more aggressive, bone loss increases. This is no longer reduced by simple tooth hygiene. Increased gum swelling or redness, shortness of breath, bleeding or flushing when brushing, and a four to five-millimeter depth test are all symptoms of periodontitis.

Periodontal Disease of Moderate Intensity

Periodontal disease in its third stage, such as mild periodontitis, cannot be reversed. Stage three has symptoms identical to stage two, but the test is six to seven millimeters deep, exposing more germs not just to your bones but to your whole body.

Severe Periodontal Disease

When periodontal disease progresses to its ultimate stage, the infection becomes more severe, and the bacteria reverts to a pathogen. You now have a 50%-90 percent probability of losing your bones. Bone loss, redness, swelling, pus-filled gums, cold sensitivity, loosening of teeth, painful bites, and severe halitosis are all symptoms of advanced periodontal disease. To clean deep pockets filled of germs that have accumulated, periodontal surgery or periodontal laser therapy is required. Stage four periodontal disease, if left untreated, may result in gaps between teeth, gum recession, dental cavities, and other serious health issues.

Periodontal disease must be treated as soon as possible. Setting frequent checkups and hygiene plans, as well as keeping proper oral hygiene practices, may help to prevent or decrease periodontal disease.

Periodontal Disease Is Caused by A Number of Conditions

Periodontal disease is caused by plaque accumulation on the teeth, according to Pediatric Dentistry Indianapolis, IN. Plaque is formed by germs adhering to the teeth. Plaque hardens into calculus, commonly known as tartar, if it is not eliminated.

Periodontitis is a recurring infection that can usually be prevented. Poor dental hygiene is the main reason. Brush your teeth twice a day, use floss daily and visiting your dentist on a regularly can improve chances of effective treatment of periodontitis and lowering your risk of acquiring it.

Plaque On the Teeth Is Caused by Which Medical Condition?

Without adequate vitamin D, the body is unable to effectively use calcium, pushing it to store it, i.e., take it from the bones, resulting in osteoporosis. Calcium that can’t be utilized due to a lack of vitamin D creates tartar on the teeth, which leads to gum disease.

Which Children Are the Most Prone to Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease may be exacerbated by a number of conditions. Here are a few examples:

  • A few of genes
  • Food caught in the gaps between the teeth
  • Breathing through your mouth may cause the gums and teeth in front of your mouth to become dry.
  • Eating habits that are harmful to one’s health
  • Problems with oral hygiene
  • Use of tobacco (smoking and non-smoking)
  • Diabetes
  • Hormone changes, such as those seen throughout puberty.
  • Your child’s bruxism.
  • Excessive gum growth might be caused by some drugs.


Gums that are healthy are intensely pink and firmly wrap around the teeth. Periodontitis may manifest itself in the following ways:

  • Swollen or swollen gums.
  • Gums that are brilliant crimson, purple, or deep red.
  • Gums that are sensitive.
  • Gums that are bleeding.
  • Spit blood while cleaning or flossing your teeth.
  • Stale breath
  • Pus between your teeth and gums.
  • Embarrassing chewing gum
  • You’re widening the gap between your teeth.
  • Gum knees make your teeth seem longer than they really are.
  • Modifications in the way your teeth come together when you bite

Is It True That Periodontal Disease Might Cause Stomach Issues?

Gum disease causes hazardous germs to increase in the mouth. When dangerous germs build up in the mouth, they might be ingested and passed to the stomach. Once swallowed, the bacteria may induce stomach inflammation, which can lead to various gastrointestinal problems.

Gum disease causes the presence of dangerous oral bacteria to rise in the mouth. When infectious bacteria accumulate, they might be swallowed and move to the stomach. According to Pediatric Dentistry Indianapolis, IN, the bacteria can induce inflammation within the stomach.

While the stomach fights the accumulation of germs, hazardous oral bacteria can disturb beneficial stomach bacteria, reducing their capacity to reject disease-causing bacteria from the mouth.


Daily use of floss and brush can prevent germs that cause gum’s disease and help prevent or treat periodontal disorders. Some other tips are given below;

  • Brush your teeth in the morning and at night.
  • Use an electric toothbrush for proper cleaning of the mouth.
  • Use a toothbrush of soft bristles.
  • Replace your toothbrush after every three months.
  • Use floss once a day.
  • Make a habit of using a mouthwash made up of natural ingredients.
  • Consult your dentist at regular intervals of time.
  • Use salted water after brushing.