Gingivitis (Gum Disease) in Children: Prevention and Treatment

Nothing makes you happier than seeing your baby smile. However, they get gum disease, commonly called gingivitis or periodontal disease, as soon as their teeth grow. Although the disease is more common in adults, it can affect the gums of your young children. Fortunately, gingivitis is usually easy to treat, and this is a great time to teach your children proper dental hygiene. We will look at the symptoms of gingivitis in children and what you can do to prevent and treat it.

What Causes Gingivitis and What Are Its Signs and Symptoms?

Do you notice swelling or redness around your child’s teeth and gums when they brush, or does your child complain of discomfort and sensitivity? Do they spit a little blood when rinsing after brushing? These symptoms may indicate gingivitis. Inflammation of the gums is caused by plaque that builds up along the gums and between the teeth. According to Pediatric Dentistry Indianapolis IN, plaque stays on the teeth after brushing on the surface of the teeth and hardens into tartar. Tartar is a hard substance that accumulates microorganisms and can only be removed by a dentist. If tartar and plaque remain on your child’s teeth, they may scratch the gum tissue around their teeth, which may cause bleeding and swelling, both of which are signs of gingivitis.

Healthy gums are pink in color and do not bleed during brushing or flushing. Bleeding from the gums for more than a week is usually a sign of gum disease, requiring a pediatric dentist’s treatment.

Gingivitis Symptoms

  • Gums that are red and swollen.
  • Bleeding from the gums, especially when brushing or flossing.
  • Persistent pain in the gums.
  • Toothache or sensitivity to hot and cold food and drink.
  • Persistent bad breath that refuses to go away. Millions of bacteria live in the plaque, which produces foul-smelling waste.
  • Swollen gum tissue can cause small gaps or pockets between the teeth and the gums.


A variety of conditions can cause gum disease, but poor oral hygiene is the most common. When naturally occurring sticky film clots along the gums line called plaque, it causes gingivitis.

The plaque is made up of bacteria that release toxins that cause itchy gums. If the slab is not removed with regular brushing and flossing regularly, it hardens and turns into tartar. Gum irritates and swells the gums. Inflammation can cause the gums to separate from the teeth, creating small holes called “periodontal pockets.” Gingivitis is more common in older children and young adults, and orthodontic devices make proper oral care difficult.

The following factors may also cause gingivitis in children:

  • A lack of crucial minerals in the diet or a vitamin C deficit:
  • Grinding teeth
  • Medical disorders such as diabetes and autoimmune diseases or systemic diseases
  • Hormonal changes
  • Breathing through the mouth can cause the gums and teeth in front of the mouth to become very dry


If gingivitis is not treated, pockets form between the gums and the teeth, exposing the roots of the teeth. Teeth may loosen and fall out over time or need to be extracted. Periodontitis is characterized by persistent bad breath. Gum disease, if left untreated, can lead to significant health risks later in life.


Brushing Their Teeth:

Gingivitis can be prevented by brushing well regularly. Although children over the age of five can brush their teeth without the help of adults, young children need help to develop habits and abilities. Because every child is different, you may need to consult some guidelines on how to help your child brush effectively. But brushing twice a day with a soft bristle brush (let them choose one at the store) and fluoride toothpaste is the most important.

Between Their Teeth Cleaning:

In addition to brushing, cleaning between your teeth using inter-dental cleaning tools such as floss is an essential defense against plaque. However, as you may be aware, flushing is a problematic habit. You can use flavored dental floss or pre-threaded floss to make floss a little more attractive. Your child’s teeth should start flossing when they have two teeth together, usually two or three years old.

Use an 18-inch length of floss and thread the ends over each middle finger to floss your children’s teeth. Carefully place the floss between the teeth in a ‘C’ configuration. Slide the floss up and down, sliding it lightly behind the gums to eliminate plaque and leftover food. Floss between every two teeth in a clean space. When your children are ten years old, they should be able to floss efficiently independently. A dental hygienist can assist your youngster in learning correct brushing and flossing techniques.

Taking your youngster to the dentist for a checkup might help avoid gingivitis. During these sessions, the dentist may teach you and your kid effective brushing practices, flossing, and other preventive measures.

  • Parents should brush their children’s teeth. Start by wiping your child’s teeth with a soft towel or brushing with water and a soft toothbrush.
  • Children need the help of adults to brush their teeth until they are six years old.
  • Use a soft-bristle toothbrush. The brush should be changed every three months.
  • A powered/electric toothbrush has proved more effective in many trials than a manual toothbrush.
  • Fluoride toothpaste can help prevent gangrene.
  • It is also a good idea to brush your teeth after eating sweet or starchy foods.
  • Antimicrobial mouthwashes, including hydrogen peroxide, triclosan, and chlorhexidine gluconate, are excellent gingivitis treatments.
  • Children’s dentist Indianapolis IN has approved mouthwashes containing essential oils such as methyl salicylate, eucalyptol, menthol, and thymol to reduce plaque and irritation.
  • Rinsing with warm salt water can relieve gingivitis.
  • Healthy teeth come from a healthy diet.

Gingivitis Treatment for Children

Professional cleaning of your teeth Gingivitis can cause periodontal disease. Eliminating tartar requires professional dental cleaning, including scaling and root planing. We will remove any plaque and tartar from your child’s teeth during a thorough cleaning at our Upper East Side Children’s Dental Clinic. We will teach you and your child how to remove plaque and brush your teeth effectively.

Route planning and scaling. More severe cases of gingivitis in adolescents require scaling to remove tartar and germs from the surface of the teeth and under the gum line. Route planning uses a laser or ultrasonic device, which is a more aggressive operation. Irritating bacteria are removed, and root surfaces are smoothed.